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суббота, 20 августа 2016 г.

SEZ on the theft of budget funds

Wizards SEZ countryOn the project of special economic zones stolen millionsVladimir Putin has unexpectedly shut its decision immediately 10 special economic zones of the existing 33. What was it - a spontaneous reaction caused by the frustration of the project? Overdue only possible solution? Or complex HR game in order, and the details of which we have yet to understand?The idea of ​​creating reference points of accelerated growth, which were to become the vanguard of economic development, working its way in Russia for a long time and is difficult. While Russia in this case is not the pioneer: special economic zones - a European idea, successfully implemented in various countries. In the 90 years we have had a fascination domestic offshore companies, but they have become massively used for tax evasion.

Then the idea and transformed into special economic zones on the European type, that with the help and supervision of the state would become points of growth of the Russian economy, contributing to the development of science-intensive industries, import substitution, to increase employment in the country and competitiveness in foreign markets. This task is complex and feature-rich, of course, fraught with errors and corrupt decisions, because the foundation of the state support of SEZ began direct financial contributions, tax relief, access to infrastructure of all types and other interesting benefits. It is clear that there were many willing to not carry this spoon by mouth. And in April of Accounting Chamber has recorded poor results: in 10 years, the SEZ has never become an effective tool to support the economy.
 
debut Medvedev
 
Criticism of the special economic zones sounded almost since their inception, but in a slow mode. However, the clouds gradually deepened. The first serious thunder erupted in late November last year, when Vladimir Putin took in Novo-Ogaryovo Russian Popular Front activists with a story about the details of the project "For Fair purchase!". Heath investigation then was the project of JSC "Special economic zones" - in fact, the management company of SEZ set up in Russia and, in particular, her experience of personal enrichment by scrolling the budget and their subsequent subsidence already in personal accounts. That turned out such "points of growth", not only of the Russian economy, and a few personal wealth at the expense of the state budget.After hearing the truth, uterus, then the president ordered Prosecutor General's Office, the Audit Chamber, the Federal Tax Service and Rosfinmonitoring by April 1, to check the efficiency of budget spending by "Special Economic Zones" and other similar managers. Then in the process of including the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. First, he - for the first time! - Met with activists of the ONF and the results of this communication also instructed the Economic Development Ministry by April 1, to make changes in the law in Russia, which will exclude the possibility of creating new economic zones involving erring JSC "Special Economic Zones".
 
Auditor's Office promptly comply with instructions of the President, and in early April presented a bleak picture of the "growth points". Grand Total: SEZ inefficient government spent 186 billion rubles. In particular, only for the development of various concepts for consulting and marketing services for the creation and management of SEZ expenditure management companies amounted to 578.7 million rubles. At the same time, not all of these developments have found their application in practice. On the topic of Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to suspend the creation of new special economic zones; 10 SEZ decided to close 1019 How to open and close the Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to suspend the creation of new special economic zones; 10 SEZ decided to close the scroll in addition to the active budget banks failed leaders are actively earning growth of property lease, while frankly muhlyuya. One of many examples - renting hotel "Resident Hotel" in Dubna. The total income for the rental of the hotel and its equipment contracts for the years 2013-2015 amounted to about 13 million rubles, and the depreciation of JSC SEZ - 68 million rubles. That is, income from stock leasing property were substantially lower its costs. Overall, only 16 selected for the analysis of objects depreciation were overstated by an average of 3 times, making the state budget has missed 110 500 000 rubles of dividends. This depreciation is not used for its intended purpose and is not directed to the restoration of fixed assets. Where are they headed? The question, of course, interesting.programmed failures
 
For each facility, checking account goes on millions of what area of ​​activity or take. Many namudrili with unsecured loans. But imagination is not even hit it, and the original failure, laid the basis for the project. The most eloquent example - the SEZ "Russian Island" in the Primorsky Territory, which cost the state 23.6 million rubles. When the money was disbursed, arrived, news on the island of Russian severe climate, causing the potential of the territory is very low. And just did not know it? Another example - tourism and recreation SEZ «Gate of Baikal" in Irkutsk Region. In the "development" of the project spent 96 million rubles of state, but for six years to build infrastructure in the promised "tourist paradise" are not conducted. "Suddenly" was found on this site swamp.The alarming picture and job creation. Of the planned in 2016 25 thousand. Their number reached only 18 thousand. At the same time the creation of one job has been spent 10.2 million rubles. This money would be enough to ensure that the whole of this army of the unemployed just pay allowance equal to the national average salary for 25 years.
 
Another interesting fact. The country is almost a crisis, but at the same time, the budget for the SEZ is significantly higher than the real needs. On January 1, 2016 the volume of unused money amounted to 24.8 billion rubles. On account of the JSC "Resorts of the North Caucasus" stuck 7.8 billion, "Special Economic Zone" Innopolis "- 5.2 billion," Special economic zones "- 3.5 billion. The deadline for zahrebetnikov main question: where all that time the government faced? It is known that the authorities were aware of the situation. There was even a kind of "action plan for the improvement of the SEZ management system."In addition, the Ministry of Economic Development has prepared changes in federal law on SEZ, which ought to eliminate most of the problems. In November, after the "veterans" of the report, Medvedev instructed the Minister of Economic Development Alexei Ulyukayev provide an assessment of efficiency of functioning of special economic zones and submit before 1 October 2016 a proposal on early termination of the existence of the most inefficient ones. So after October one would expect expulsion from the case zahrebetnikov that destroy good idea. But in June came from the unexpected news: President ordered to stop the creation in Russia of new special economic zones - to develop common approaches to SEZ and territories of priority development. Now work 10 zones discontinued, all other existing SEZ transferred to the regions.
 
Deadline - until 30 June. That is, three months before the appointed time Ulyukayev Medvedev to develop a plan. Now what will happen to the reform of the SEZ project from the Ministry of Economic Development? Unclear. the final decision is likely to take without regard to the proposals of the Ministry. It is hoped that with the brainchild of a failure of the trough does not throw out the main child - the idea that it may well be implemented initially given role.SPECIFICALLY
 
What was the reason for the unexpected decision of the president? Maybe Audit Office conducted a further investigation and revealed new facts of thefts, which have become the last straw that broke the President's patience? No, the report served as the basis for all the same report of the Accounting Chamber, sent to the president and publicly available at the beginning of April. Then against whom is this decision? Ulyukayev? Or Medvedev himself?But Putin does not require complex construction for personnel decisions at any level, besides the previous high-profile exposure, initiated by the ONF, rarely led to resignations. Recall the recent health care reform investigation. Negative emerged very much, and society revolted after perturbed "war veterans". But where is Veronica Skvortsova? Where was - in the chair Minister of Health.
 
reference
 
SEZs were set up by special law in July 2005. At 1 January 30 33 subjects operated SEZ (9 industrial type, 6 of technical innovation type, 3 and 15 port areas for tourism and recreation). According to the Accounting Chamber, since the beginning of the work until January 2016 SEZ paid to the budgets of 40 billion rubles of tax and customs duties. The volume of tax and customs exemptions for SEZ All totaled 22.6 billion rubles.
VERSIONWizards SEZ countryOn the project of special economic zones stolen millionsVladimir Putin has unexpectedly shut its decision immediately 10 special economic zones of the existing 33. What was it - a spontaneous reaction caused by the frustration of the project? Overdue only possible solution? Or complex HR game in order, and the details of which we have yet to understand?The idea of ​​creating reference points of accelerated growth, which were to become the vanguard of economic development, working its way in Russia for a long time and is difficult. While Russia in this case is not the pioneer: special economic zones - a European idea, successfully implemented in various countries. In the 90 years we have had a fascination domestic offshore companies, but they have become massively used for tax evasion.
Then the idea and transformed into special economic zones on the European type, that with the help and supervision of the state would become points of growth of the Russian economy, contributing to the development of science-intensive industries, import substitution, to increase employment in the country and competitiveness in foreign markets. This task is complex and feature-rich, of course, fraught with errors and corrupt decisions, because the foundation of the state support of SEZ began direct financial contributions, tax relief, access to infrastructure of all types and other interesting benefits. It is clear that there were many willing to not carry this spoon by mouth. And in April of Accounting Chamber has recorded poor results: in 10 years, the SEZ has never become an effective tool to support the economy.
 
debut Medvedev
 
Criticism of the special economic zones sounded almost since their inception, but in a slow mode. However, the clouds gradually deepened. The first serious thunder erupted in late November last year, when Vladimir Putin took in Novo-Ogaryovo Russian Popular Front activists with a story about the details of the project "For Fair purchase!". Heath investigation then was the project of JSC "Special economic zones" - in fact, the management company of SEZ set up in Russia and, in particular, her experience of personal enrichment by scrolling the budget and their subsequent subsidence already in personal accounts. That turned out such "points of growth", not only of the Russian economy, and a few personal wealth at the expense of the state budget.After hearing the truth, uterus, then the president ordered Prosecutor General's Office, the Audit Chamber, the Federal Tax Service and Rosfinmonitoring by April 1, to check the efficiency of budget spending by "Special Economic Zones" and other similar managers. Then in the process of including the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. First, he - for the first time! - Met with activists of the ONF and the results of this communication also instructed the Economic Development Ministry by April 1, to make changes in the law in Russia, which will exclude the possibility of creating new economic zones involving erring JSC "Special Economic Zones".
 
Auditor's Office promptly comply with instructions of the President, and in early April presented a bleak picture of the "growth points". Grand Total: SEZ inefficient government spent 186 billion rubles. In particular, only for the development of various concepts for consulting and marketing services for the creation and management of SEZ expenditure management companies amounted to 578.7 million rubles. At the same time, not all of these developments have found their application in practice. On the topic of Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to suspend the creation of new special economic zones; 10 SEZ decided to close 1019 How to open and close the Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to suspend the creation of new special economic zones; 10 SEZ decided to close the scroll in addition to the active budget banks failed leaders are actively earning growth of property lease, while frankly muhlyuya. One of many examples - renting hotel "Resident Hotel" in Dubna. The total income for the rental of the hotel and its equipment contracts for the years 2013-2015 amounted to about 13 million rubles, and the depreciation of JSC SEZ - 68 million rubles. That is, income from stock leasing property were substantially lower its costs. Overall, only 16 selected for the analysis of objects depreciation were overstated by an average of 3 times, making the state budget has missed 110 500 000 rubles of dividends. This depreciation is not used for its intended purpose and is not directed to the restoration of fixed assets. Where are they headed? The question, of course, interesting.programmed failures
 
For each facility, checking account goes on millions of what area of ​​activity or take. Many namudrili with unsecured loans. But imagination is not even hit it, and the original failure, laid the basis for the project. The most eloquent example - the SEZ "Russian Island" in the Primorsky Territory, which cost the state 23.6 million rubles. When the money was disbursed, arrived, news on the island of Russian severe climate, causing the potential of the territory is very low. And just did not know it? Another example - tourism and recreation SEZ «Gate of Baikal" in Irkutsk Region. In the "development" of the project spent 96 million rubles of state, but for six years to build infrastructure in the promised "tourist paradise" are not conducted. "Suddenly" was found on this site swamp.The alarming picture and job creation. Of the planned in 2016 25 thousand. Their number reached only 18 thousand. At the same time the creation of one job has been spent 10.2 million rubles. This money would be enough to ensure that the whole of this army of the unemployed just pay allowance equal to the national average salary for 25 years.
 
Another interesting fact. The country is almost a crisis, but at the same time, the budget for the SEZ is significantly higher than the real needs. On January 1, 2016 the volume of unused money amounted to 24.8 billion rubles. On account of the JSC "Resorts of the North Caucasus" stuck 7.8 billion, "Special Economic Zone" Innopolis "- 5.2 billion," Special economic zones "- 3.5 billion. The deadline for zahrebetnikov main question: where all that time the government faced? It is known that the authorities were aware of the situation. There was even a kind of "action plan for the improvement of the SEZ management system."In addition, the Ministry of Economic Development has prepared changes in federal law on SEZ, which ought to eliminate most of the problems. In November, after the "veterans" of the report, Medvedev instructed the Minister of Economic Development Alexei Ulyukayev provide an assessment of efficiency of functioning of special economic zones and submit before 1 October 2016 a proposal on early termination of the existence of the most inefficient ones. So after October one would expect expulsion from the case zahrebetnikov that destroy good idea. But in June came from the unexpected news: President ordered to stop the creation in Russia of new special economic zones - to develop common approaches to SEZ and territories of priority development. Now work 10 zones discontinued, all other existing SEZ transferred to the regions.
 
Deadline - until 30 June. That is, three months before the appointed time Ulyukayev Medvedev to develop a plan. Now what will happen to the reform of the SEZ project from the Ministry of Economic Development? Unclear. the final decision is likely to take without regard to the proposals of the Ministry. It is hoped that with the brainchild of a failure of the trough does not throw out the main child - the idea that it may well be implemented initially given role.SPECIFICALLY
 
What was the reason for the unexpected decision of the president? Maybe Audit Office conducted a further investigation and revealed new facts of thefts, which have become the last straw that broke the President's patience? No, the report served as the basis for all the same report of the Accounting Chamber, sent to the president and publicly available at the beginning of April. Then against whom is this decision? Ulyukayev? Or Medvedev himself?But Putin does not require complex construction for personnel decisions at any level, besides the previous high-profile exposure, initiated by the ONF, rarely led to resignations. Recall the recent health care reform investigation. Negative emerged very much, and society revolted after perturbed "war veterans". But where is Veronica Skvortsova? Where was - in the chair Minister of Health.
 
reference
 
SEZs were set up by special law in July 2005. At 1 January 30 33 subjects operated SEZ (9 industrial type, 6 of technical innovation type, 3 and 15 port areas for tourism and recreation). According to the Accounting Chamber, since the beginning of the work until January 2016 SEZ paid to the budgets of 40 billion rubles of tax and customs duties. The volume of tax and customs exemptions for SEZ All totaled 22.6 billion rubles.
VERSION  


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