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понедельник, 26 января 2015 г.

Maneuvers to extract money from the pockets of citizens


  With the new tax!
The rising cost of electricity, gas and utility services will not exceed the average rate of inflation, but the property taxes will increase at times

Photo: Alexander Rumin / TASS
02.01.2015, 19:04 | Aleksey Topalov
In the new year, motor fuel, electricity, gas and utility services traditionally rise. And if rates rise only from the third quarter, the price of gasoline will rise throughout the year. In addition, the authorities have prepared a "gift" property owners - will change the model calculation of the tax, and he will increase significantly.
2015 is expected to take place under the sign of the economic crisis. Russian population is expected spending growth on the most relevant articles. One of the most sensitive issues - the price of motor fuel, which in our country even more expensive due to lower oil prices collapsed almost twice.


gasoline
In late November, Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich said that because of the tax maneuver in the oil industry the price of gasoline and diesel fuel in 2015 will grow by 6-10%. Tax maneuver involves reduction of export duty on crude oil, which will be offset by a gradual increase in the tax on oil production (MET). Previously, experts have warned of the fuel market, because of the maneuver more oil will go abroad, while the cost of production will increase, therefore, increase the price of petroleum products. The Executive Director of the Moscow Fuel Association Grigory Sergienko said "newspaper. Ru », that the increase in fuel prices next year will not exceed the rate of inflation (it is projected at 9.1%).


However, the head of the analytical company Small Letters Vitaly Kryukov believes that
increase in gasoline prices over the next year will amount to 10-15%, despite low oil stock quotes. This is due to an increase in fuel excise duties, and most importantly - a ban on the use of fuel "Euro-3" (in the next year, motorists will have to use fuel standard not lower than E4, which is not enough. - "Gazeta. Ru»). Of the fuel mix will drop large amounts of gasoline that will push prices up.
According to the IAC "Cortez" in mid-December (from 15 th to 19 th), the average for the Russian retail price of gasoline AI-80 was 30.18 rubles. per liter, AI-92 - 32.8 rubles., AI-95 - 35.37 rubles., diesel fuel - 34.56 rubles. per liter. Thus, the average increase in fuel prices by 10-15% will mean a rise in price of fuel by about 3-5 rubles. per liter.
Electricity and gas
Pay a higher rate have not since 1 January, and in the summer. The Federal Tariff Service "Gazeta.ru" said that the average increase in the cost of electricity in the second half of 2015 is planned at 8.5%.
Now people pay for electricity at rates established on July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015. Dispersion of tariffs vary considerably between 205-206 cop. per kWh (minimum and maximum rate for the region) in Dagestan, up to 726-727 cop. per kWh in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. For the Moscow region are tariffs at a rate of 417-418 cop., For Moscow - 467-468 cop.



From the first half of 2015 prices will rise. Dagestani rates still remain the lowest in the country, but will grow to 220-224 cop. per kWh, or 8.5%. The highest rate will again be in Chukotka, it will increase to 780-781 cop., Or 7.4%. The Moscow region will pay 448-454 cop. per kWh price increase of 8%. For Moscow, the second half of 2015 defined tariffs 502-508 cop., Which is higher than operating as 8%.
By the way, in some regions used the so-called social norm on electricity consumption.
In the Trans-Baikal and Krasnoyarsk, Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Orel and Rostov regions consumers pay at a lower rate, if the energy consumption per person is less than a certain amount (depending on the region). But if this amount is exceeded, the rate increases, the bar is set regional authorities.
While the project is considered a "pilot", but previously discussed the possibility of extending sotsnormu to all regions of the country.
As for gas, there FTS tariffs for the population does not specify, but only sets the maximum wholesale prices. "The decision on the new wholesale framework should be taken in the first quarter of 2015. - say in the FST. - Is projected to increase by an average of 7.5%. "Who is the highest price for gas is set in the North Caucasus, Stavropol, Krasnodar and Rostov regions - 3231 rubles. for 1 thousand. cubic meters. The lowest - in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District (2228 rub.). In the Moscow region (as, incidentally, in many central regions) wholesale prices up 3187 rubles. for 1 thousand. cubic meters.
utilities
The representative Minstroitelstva and Housing said "Gazeta.ru" that total payments for utilities, on average "clearly does not exceed the rate of inflation."



   The Federal Tariff Service said that the water will rise on average by 10.5%, heat - by 8.5%. However, FTS only sets limits indexes improve existing tariffs and specific tariffs determined regional authorities. By the way, limiting indexes can be changed, if the region is to provide adequate justification.
Water is the most expensive in the Tver, Vologda and Yaroslavl regions, where growth rates in the second half of 2015 is scheduled for 14.9%. Price cubic meters of cold water in these regions will grow by about 3.65 rubles., 3.95 rubles. and 2.7 rubles. respectively. In Moscow in 2014, the population pays for one cubic meter of water 28.4 rubles. The second half of 2015 to this price will be applied index 110.6% (that is, the water will rise in price by 10.6%), the price will increase to 31.4 cubic meters rubles.
The ultimate level of the tariff for hot water FTS indexes, determine its regional authorities based on the cost of cold water and heat. The biggest increase in the cost of thermal energy (14%) is expected in the Belgorod region. Cost of 1 Gcal of heat will increase by about 181 rubles. and will be about 1,473 rubles. For example, for heating one-room apartment in the central region in the winter requires about 0.5 Gcal. In the Moscow region the heat will rise by 7.8%, the current rate in Moscow in 1720.9 rubles. 1 Gcal will grow by about 134 rubles. and will be about 1,850 rubles.
Real Estate
In 2015 there will be introduced a new model for calculating the tax on personal property. Now the real estate tax will be calculated not according to the BTI (inventory value), and based on the cadastral value of the property, which is close to the market. The maximum tax rate for objects whose cadastral value does not exceed 300 million rubles., As in most of the apartments in the property, will be 0.1%. If the price of real estate above, the tax can be up to 2%, the final rate will determine the municipal government.
"So far, very few people understand the scale of the changes - the director of Research Knight Frank Russia & CIS Olga Jasko. - At the end of 2015 we can expect massive surprise due to the growth of property tax at times. "
However, there are positive aspects. Jasko notes that, firstly, the tax will be exempt recipients (such as pensioners). In addition, each property owner has the right to so-called soft 20 square meters. m, which will not be taken into account when calculating the tax. Jasko also points to correct the imbalance that existed previously. "Calculation of inventory value is largely based on the age of the house, because it turned out so that the owners of apartments in new buildings on the outskirts of Moscow to pay more taxes than the owners' stalinok" in the center, - says the expert. - Now it will not be. "

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