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понедельник, 28 марта 2016 г.

Admirers and followers of Stolypin's reforms

Trutnev as Ulyukayev, Stolypin was awarded the medal of merit Trutnev as Ulyukayev, Stolypin was awarded the medal of meritRF Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev Stolypin Medal awarded I degree. The corresponding decree was signed by the head of the Cabinet Dmitry Medvedev published on the official website of legal information.See also:"The government of Primakov, and Maslyukova Gerashchenko was the government of professionals, as opposed to the current"

Ulyukayev awarded on the 60th anniversary of the Soviet manual adding machine "Felix" - for funPutin, in response to the story about Trutnev "attacks" in Davos quoted VysotskyTrutnev awarded "for achievements in the strategic objectives of socio-economic development of the country and years of hard work." March 1, 2016, he celebrated his 60th birthday.Earlier, as reported to Nakanune.RU, Economic Development Minister Alexei Ulyukayev was awarded the same award. He also celebrated its 60th anniversary this year.- See more at: http://www.nakanune.ru/news/2016/3/25/22431376/#sthash.oAbHbvzH.dpuf
 
Trutnev as Ulyukayev, Stolypin was awarded the medal of merit
RF Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev Stolypin Medal awarded I degree. The corresponding decree was signed by the head of the Cabinet Dmitry Medvedev published on the official website of legal information.Trutnev awarded "for achievements in the strategic objectives of socio-economic development of the country and years of hard work." March 1, 2016, he celebrated his 60th birthday.Earlier, as reported to Nakanune.RU, Economic Development Minister Alexei Ulyukayev was awarded the same award. He also celebrated its 60th anniversary this year.topical archiveAdmirers and followers of Stolypin's reformsThe Public Chamber will open a monument to Peter Stolypi
On the eve of celebrating in 2012 the 150th anniversary of the outstanding statesman Pyotr Stolypin in the walls of the Public Chamber on Monday will be solemnly set his bronze bas-relief.The press service of the International Ecological and Political Science University, the initiative that will open a memorial sign, bronze bas-relief is a composition performed by famous Russian sculptor, a member of the Moscow Union of Artists Vyacheslav Klykov. Install it in one of the halls of the House on a regular basis, in the same house a small exhibition - photographs, paintings, documents related to the life and activity of the reformer.Also within the walls of the Public Chamber will be "Stolypin Readings" - a series of lectures that will read well-known domestic historians, professors and artists. It is planned that these will become regular reading.
The main objective of these activities - to attract the interest of young people, public and scientific figures in fact carried out by Stolypin reforms, their significance in the history of the Russian state and the ability to use this experience at the present stage of development.In 2010, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree on celebrating in 2012 the 150th anniversary of the birth of Pyotr Stolypin. The decree, inter alia, recommended that "government of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-governments to participate in the preparation and celebration."The organizing committee on preparation and holding of anniversary celebration, chaired by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, the Russian government established the order of 12 October 2010. It consists of representatives of the Government, the State Duma, the presidential administration, the federal and regional executive authorities.In celebration of the anniversary in the regions of Russia will be held conferences on various aspects of the life and work of Peter Stolypin, thematic readings for the study of the rich historical heritage of the reformer, as well as the launch of a website dedicated to the anniversary and other memorable events, reports ITAR-TASS.Pyotr Stolypin - a prominent Russian statesman, who served in the years 1906-1911 the position of Chairman of the Russian Council of Ministers. Under his leadership, carried out the system program for Russia's modernization, which included agrarian reform (land management, development of agricultural credit, technological modernization), the democratization of local government, an active migration policy aimed, inter alia, on the development of Siberia and the Far East, reform of the judicial system, strengthening the defense capability, a large block of social issues, the fight against terrorism.Concept work Stolypin government were "calm, order and reform." The program of his cabinet included an evolutionary development of the country, including the strengthening of the institution of private property, the formation on this basis of the market economy and the transition from a traditional birth to a civil society. In fact, the Russian public has been offered a national ideology, the basic components of which is the law and the legal order, the emancipation of the individual, unitary and indivisible state, a strong executive, private property and free labor, patriotism and the foreign authority of the great powers.As a result of Peter Stolypin work country ranked first in the world in terms of economic growth, in terms of economy - in fifth place. In a half-fold increase in population of Siberia, it began active development of the Altai Territory, the establishment in its territory of another granary of Russia: "Stolypin" displaced 3.5 thousand settlements were established in the region.Pyotr Stolypin was mortally wounded by a terrorist Dmitry Bogrov at the Opera House in Kiev September 14, 1911. Stolypin died in Kiev September 18, 1911. He is buried near the Refectory Church of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra.
 
Admirers and followers of Stolypin's reformsGovernment honors Pyotr Stolypin as Reformer unsurpassed, with which it is necessary to take an example, and even preparing to host events dedicated to the centennial of the Stolypin reforms. As stated by First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, many of the ideas of the reformer remain relevant and are used by the current government - such as the implementation of the national project in the sphere of agriculture.According to the same Dmitry Medvedev, today Russia faces challenges in many respects similar to those with which the government had to face a hundred years ago. "Stolypin was able to propose and implement a comprehensive program of modernization of our country. First of all, known for his agrarian reform, but that was not all. It was about the industrial restructuring of rearmament of the army, on the strengthening of the Russian state as a whole"According to the Prime Minister, "the main thing that showed the Stolypin reforms, this is what the huge creative potential has the Russian people, because when they are carrying out the rate was made primarily for those who want to work for those who have the initiative and enterprise ".But not only Dmitry Medvedev admired Pyotr Stolypin and his reforms. He admires and Agriculture Minister Alexei Gordeyev, who told that our country only in 2002 managed to repeat the record results on grain exports, which were recorded in 1912 due to agrarian reform Stolypin. "Historical parallels between the Stolypin reforms and national projects are obvious," - said Gordeyev.What is the real reason for such a radical change of power, from the judgment to the adoration of Peter Stolypin and his reforms? But let's not get ahead of ourselves, and we shall understand in order, starting from the times of Stolypin.Stolypin headed the government from 1906 to 1911. His career is a little different from the career of any other officer of the tsarist government. University Service in the Ministry of State Property, (and in modern Russia, many officials began their successful careers to service in state property) district marshal of the nobility, governor in the province of Saratov, where he distinguished himself repression of desperate peasants, arranging flogging, dispersals of demonstrations and spending arrests, the Interior Minister, Chairman of the Council of Ministers.The legacy of his father he inherited the estate Kolnoberzhe near Kaunas, which Arkady Dmitrievich Stolypin won at cards, and which for many years was the main residence of the family of Peter Stolypin.At the post of Interior Minister Stolypin went further and initiated a decree on martial courts, which have decided to "rebel" of the case, the rebellious peasants, sentences which were performed within 24 hours. The executions of peasants continued even after the II Duma rejected a decree on martial courts, continued to operate since the military district courts.Introduction Stolypin courts-martial has outraged not only the Social Democrats, but the whole of the liberal part of society. A member of the Kadet Party Fedor Rodichev denouncing Stolypin, described the rope around their necks hung "Stolypin necktie." But that did not bother Stolypin. "Please calm - and then reform" - a strategy conducted Stolypin. The only sure way to calm the peasants Stolypin saw the widespread use of repression in the military field courts, demonstrative executions. This reformer preach Malthusian theory to the Russian style, first hang up, and then, for those who remain, will improve life.According to researchers, only eight months (from August 1906 to April 1907), military courts have taken out death sentences in 1100. Writer Vladimir Korolenko noted that the period of the Stolypin "penalty became a household phenomenon."Stolypin's Board, to head the government, had the post-revolutionary reforms. By themselves, reforms were a by-product of the Russian bourgeois revolution of 1905, and not the result of "brilliant" insight Stolypin, when the tsarist monarchy and to the landlord government, it became clear that without a reform of land relations, without eliminating the feudal dues and peasant bondage, without reforming the state, the government does not hold.The development of capitalism in agrarian relations, restrained by the old feudal relations, medieval allotment land tenure and community relations. The class community attachment of peasants to the land, the presence of huge landed estates, along with a minuscule plots of peasants, did not contribute to the rise of commodity production did not meet the requirements of capitalist methods of farming. The impoverishment and dispossession of the peasantry, as a result of ruthless exploitation by landlords and bureaucrats, caused a storm of protest, urging more and more peasant revolts, with the requirements of this section of the landed estates.Fearing the unauthorized seizure of landed estates by peasants, Stolypin and the government decided to conduct land reform, resettling of the peasants in the remote areas of Russia, part - endowed land redemption, and thus bring down the revolutionary wave. But Stolypin, together with the Romanovs and other large landowners, sought to carry out agrarian reform is not in the interests of millions of peasants, and in the interests of 30,000 landowners owning 70 mln. Acres of land. The peasants fought against landlordism, and they, according to the plan of Stolypin, were driven to distant and uninhabited outskirts and in financial bondage. Landowners received from the state a huge amount of redemption, it probably is, according to Medvedev, those who wanted to work, who had the initiative and enterprise, and farmers - sand, long uninhabited border regions of Russia and huge debts. Here is the result vaunted agrarian reform Stolypin.The agrarian question, acute in the period of the revolution of 1905, thanks to the Stolypin reforms was resolved in favor of large landed estates, and not in favor of the peasants, which led to unprecedented starvation in 1911, 30 million poor and oppressed farmers. The landlords exported grain and peasants ate carrion and dung fly ash-bread, which is demonstrated in one of the meetings of the State Duma.In addition to agrarian reform Stolypin was featured in the June Third coup that apparently Dmitry Medvedev and names strengthening of the Russian state as a whole.June 3, 1907 was issued a manifesto to dissolve the Duma and the change of the Electoral Regulations, prepared by the Government of Stolypin, which reduced the representation of peasants and workers. I do not like it Deputies of the peasants and workers, who have sought to defend the interests of their constituents. Themselves the drafters of the Election Regulations referred to the reform of the electoral law, "shameless." But the king, having heard the report of Stolypin's reform of the electoral law, approved it, and, smiling, said: "I, too, for the shameless."As a result of this coup III Duma has become more reactionary and more docile in the hands of Romanov and Stolypin, making it possible to carry out agrarian reform in the interests of the landowners who received the full right to plunder the peasants.Going back to the days of today, you can really notice the similarity of the reforms with the reforms of Stolypin. Firstly, the same shameless cuts of voting rights of the people, and, secondly, the privatization of state property in the interests of the party and economic nomenklatura, modern landowners.If we compare the Stolypin reforms and the modern transformation of the last fifteen years on the content, the Stolypin reforms look much more preferable. Stolypin broke feudal restrictions, cleared the way to the capitalist mode of management, and this was their progressiveness. But our reformers, reactionaries completely since moved from the developed monopoly capital (monopoly, in the service of the people - this is the socialism), to a wild and unbridled capitalism, and thus pulled out all the vices of capitalist management, without creating anything positive.Vitaly Glukhov


 
December 2006

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