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вторник, 15 марта 2016 г.

Consequences of oligarchic domination

Russians to cope with the crisis, gradually getting used to the povertyAccording to the Labor Ministry, last year the number of Russians living below the poverty line increased by 3 million, reaching 19 million people.Most of them - families with children.Sociologists and economists say that the most dangerous in poverty - addictive.The average person adapts to her for five years.Many vulnerable already resigned, but the "new poor" still have a chance. "To Lenta.ru" I read the letters that people send to charities and leave on internet forums. And asked experts to assess the situation.Bad habit

"My husband earns 25 thousand rubles, while running a sales representative for a large corporation. I'm on maternity leave up to three years. On the home podrabotke I get 14 thousand. And two children! Zadolbalo I choose in the store between apples and bananas something one. Sitting roar like a fool. It is necessary to the school in 2000 to hand over a week ago, and I have 1500 left in your wallet, and ashamed to admit: in the parents' committee and all the friends think that I'm good. "P. Hope, Moscow regionNatalya Tikhonova, Research Professor of HSE, Senior Researcher, Institute of SociologyRosstat determines the share of the poor - not less than 20 percent.According to our calculations, it is close to one-third of the population.The situation is so programmed, because the state allows that today one in five working receives a salary lower than the subsistence level. There is deep poverty - poverty, but in Russia, deep poverty is typical for a small part of the population.We refer to this category of people who can not afford to buy soap or toilet paper. There we have about 5-8 percent.Institute of Nutrition considers the depth of poverty in the number of consumable products.According to them, about 2 percent of Russians hungry.For different groups of citizens unequally crisis hits.Workers in rural areas hardest hit by layoffs, despite all the talk of import substitution.Almost every family in seven towns and villages have grown, does not work without any serious reasons.These people have been in the past. But now the village they became twice as large.Photo: Dmitry Lebedev / "Kommersant""It's a shame what we got in the ass, not because they are lazy, drunkards, fools. Everything was good, kept afloat by my tourist business makes a profit, albeit smaller than in 2014, but steadily. And then bam - Turkey. I zero in November, December in minus closed and all sold in January. We thought: Well, the husband-hired employee, executive position, a large stable company, will live on his salary. A few days ago the news: the new objects not all engineers under the reduction, the authorities still three months to close the objects handed over. And then, if nothing new appears, all free. The salary for these three months - 30 thousand. All arrived. "Olga A., Ekaterinburg.In middle-class financial situation or stagnating, that is not changed or deteriorated.The worst in this category affected residents of large cities.Reduce the potential for extra earnings, while reducing and revenue.And the structure of the inhabitants of large cities use a prominent place occupied by imported goods."The most annoying quality products that before were by shit, and now does not even eat. And the prospect of dressing our manufacturers of clothes and shoes for the big money. When I look at all these "clothes", I want to roar. I spent all my childhood in a pauper's clothing. And this is my fad - look good and dress the child only tasteful and not at all in a row. "Marina S., Irkutsk.For Russians, a bad life - not a novelty.We're long lived in relative prosperity - 10-12 years.Before that we had about the same period when most of the population was in the official poverty line.That is, earning below the subsistence minimum.But the bulk of Russians took the 90s, when it was much harder than now. Therefore, the overall response to the current crisis - this is a temporary situation caused by the fall in oil prices."I have at least a miserable Turkey and Egypt meet once a year! Such was happy in these moments. I know - not the oligarch and nothing much achieved. But the average people also want to be happy and enjoy life a little bit. "Eva, Sergiev Posad.The middle class than anywhere else strong patriotic sentiments.While the commitment to victims is preserved.No protest because of the unstable economy does not occur today.Most have a margin of safety.People is used shoes, clothing, equipment, purchased in the fat years.As practice shows, usually the resource dries up within 2-2.5 years. A year has already passed. The situation is not critical, but more revenue drop is perceived much more painful."I do not have anything at all. The salary of 25 thousand, eat room - 8. There is a child for kindergarten already accumulated a debt of 6000. Nanny should be 2 thousand per month, but without in any way! I work from 9 to 18 hours, then it is necessary to get to the house. Well, the garden, as usual, to 18. The pope does not pay child support. I paid for before kindergarten. And now his salary is not paid. "Svetlana D., Sverdlovsk region.The bad news is that people adapt to poverty.This usually occurs in two hops.The first lasts one and a half or two years. During this time, the changes are not seen as critical. Lack of funds represents only a shortage of resources, nothing more.The second phase begins after about five years of poverty.At this point, it is changing value orientation and social circle.The process of addiction is not just ends, and leads to changes in the external life.Also, changes to internal.If a person is too long in a state of despair, he develops a sense of hopelessness. He was not inclined to fight for their interests, and think only about survival."Just started to live a little better, and again reduced both. Force is simply no choice. Apparently, it is necessary to accept the fact that we will grow old in poverty and have to stop for a good break. "Anna S., Volgograd region.They survive, but do not liveElena Smirnova, director of the charity fund "Creation":I do not see that Russia, which is shown on television. We go on to orphanages and nursing homes and see the conditions in which they live. We've been doing this for 15 years."What should I do - I do not know ... I do not go to the hospital. Because there is nothing to go already. Buy no matter what. We do not have time to dress children. Fifth son now turned five years, and I am ashamed that even a biscuit for tea will not buy. ... Because we sit on some pasta. "Family G., Bashkortostan.The number of beneficiaries increases, depending on the region. But the crisis as such, many of our wards have simply not noticed. They used to live poorly. I do not live and survive."My daughter, one leg shorter than the other, the machine is very necessary, and we can not afford to buy it, I have learned, we have it is 6000 rubles, and if I give them, then we will sit hungry for a month. Still very much in need of bedding, cheap to buy, and it paints, and after the first wash my tears ... Masha often sick. I'm looking for work at home, but it does not work. "Family IV, Buryatia.A lot of letters comes from the countryside.Main Category whom we help - this is the villagers, villages, hamlets.The collective farm collapsed, no other work. This is not the parasites and drunkards.People want to work - but there is no place.They have no opportunity to receive medical care, and in the store often has to choose - to buy bread or baby biscuits.Often we turn to the rural library in the township administration with a request to send the coordinates of the needy. Not everyone can write a letter. They are ashamed, they are in such a situation. In every letter they write: like the hands and feet are, can work, ask the rags - to tears hurt."In our village, it is difficult to get a job, because there are no jobs. As a single mother baby child support from us - 399 rubles. Money is not enough to put any child, or feed, or to buy a toy. In my wardrobe, there are only one-and jeans skirt. I just can not spend the money on themselves. "Natalia E., Chita region.Usually they ask for bed linen, school supplies, shoes. And things are necessities: jackets, pants. Word of mouth they have already said that the computers and new buildings - it's not us. We specifically send second-hand items, so as not to provoke dependency."I will never sit idle. I'll cow sour cream, milk, butter, vegetable garden in the summer: salads, twist, vegetables and potatoes. Even in the summer I take the broiler. But here's some clothes for children can not. Not enough money. "Family G., Bashkortostan.I am sure that we do not knowingly send parcels to the needy. We have many wards, who stand on their feet and start helping others. And even write to us: "Thank you once supported me, now I want to give my duty to help someone." So there is hope.Potatoes will save usNatalia Zubarevich, regional program director of the Independent Institute for Social Policy:Beginning of the crisis is not like the previous ones, it is a slow and long.It is increasingly clear that Russia is stronger suffer two social groups - families with children and pensioners.It's all over the country, regardless of region.Another feature - the situation deteriorates gradually, the population adapts, reducing consumption and uzhimayas around. And who long lived in poverty, no longer resist."We live in the village, there is no work, keep a small farm, and then there was this crisis. I receive child allowance 199 rubles, and I even son can not buy underwear, not to mention shoes. He runs at me, growing, all that we had, it becomes a short. "Olga S., Trans-Baikal Territory.Adjusting the people, especially those living in the province, increase reliance on private sector, on the same potato.Reduce the possibility of labor migration.In small towns, where there are no jobs to return those who worked in the big cities, on the north gatehouse.More active will seek part-time work in the informal economy.As in any crisis, someone else will, like a frog, flutter, and someone lay down their legs and reduce consumption to a minimum.Natalia Granina

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