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пятница, 19 февраля 2016 г.

Maneuvers for the enrichment of the oligarchy

The FAS explained why in Russia becomes more expensive petrolMitrich Dmitriev
The Federal Antimonopoly Service explained the rise in fuel prices in the Russian tax maneuver. How to write "News", it follows from the FAS reply signed by deputy head of the service Anatoly Golomolzin deputies of the State Duma Valery Rashkin and Sergei Obukhov, previously rebelled value of Russian gasoline in a sharp drop in oil prices.
"A number of factors influence the rise in prices. This increase in world prices, the growth of industry costs and general inflation in the economy of our country. Much influenced by taxes - tax component in the final price of each liter of motor fuel sold is about 65% ", - reported in the FAS parliamentarians.


Over the past year against the backdrop of falling oil prices the taxes on it just grew: in 2015 the tax rate on mining increased by 273 rubles per ton of oil (55.4%). Since the beginning of 2016, and increased excise duties on petrol and diesel fuel: 44% - fuel below Euro-5, 36% - at Euro-5 diesel fuel all grades - by 20%.
"The totality of these factors, in particular the increase in the tax burden, contributing to the growth in the prices of petroleum products in the Russian Federation, offsetting the drop in oil prices as a factor in the reduction of prices of petroleum products", - summed Anatoly Golomolzin.Source: www.znak.comtopical archive
The collision of two small quantities
A significant increase in gasoline prices has caused discontent not only citizens of the government's policy, but also sharpened the debate about the role of government in the economy. And thus, I made it clear that from whatever side we approach to pricing issues, we will inevitably come to the question of the state, ie. E. A power which, in the person of Mikhail Fradkov and German Gref, doing "incredible" attempts to stabilize increase in gasoline prices, suggesting that it will be endless. But journalists and experts, using the moment, give a lot of advice to stabilize prices, revealing complete failure.It was no exception and the "Novaya Gazeta", which offered its readers a discussion on rising prices of gasoline, between columnist Boris Vishnevsky and a professor of the Higher School of Economics Ivan Rodionov.The discussion begins Wisniewski with a question: "Why prices are rising?". And then he says: "Only, and hear about the" objective reasons ". About the increase in world oil prices, at which it becomes more profitable to sell raw materials abroad, where the pay is higher. About the high tax on mineral extraction (MET). About the lack of exchange trade in oil products, which would enable small and medium-sized companies are not dependent on the large suppliers. About paltry fines for collusion monopolists who can pay at least every day, not bedneya. And so on".Assessing the situation with gasoline prices, Wisniewski, among other things, revealed another problem - it is the monopolization of the media that just under state control and monopoly. And therefore cover all the processes in the society is very biased. And this problem is much more important in gasoline prices. But it is closer to the problem of rising gasoline prices.Ivan Rodionov, professor at the Higher School of Economics, especially the head does not break, and outputs, as it is written in a mediocre textbook of political economy - prices are rising, because there is a shortage."The main problem, allowing to increase the price of gasoline - a high-octane fuel deficit in a growing number of modern personal vehicles. This fuel is produced little, because all the infrastructure that we have inherited from the Soviet Union, was designed to sredneoktanovy gasoline A-76, and for high-capacity A-92, A-95, especially the A-98 - a little. Therefore, a substantial portion of gasoline A-98 is still imported. Capacity is not enough, because for 15 years, oil companies have not invested in refineries due to the fact that the size of the required investment in a large refinery (from the seven hundred million to a billion dollars).First, they had a crisis, and then the high prices ... well, somehow hands did not reach, and the government has not pushed.Example petrol very well shows the complete incapacity of our economic bloc of the government in matters of capitalist management of the economy. "The professor is simply amazing, because, without knowing it, passed the bulk of all our marketeers. Rodionov clearly indicates that today's tycoons, together with the government, parasitized on all the time that it was created in the Soviet period, and not a penny invested in the development of the industry. The explanation is that substantial investments are required, and no one does not justify. Abramovich's yachts are worth much more than one refinery.Good and supplement that gives the professor: "Government is not pushed"; "... The incapacity of our government's economic bloc in matters of capitalist management of the economy."Early in his notes Ivan Rodionov, professor at the Higher School of Economics, firmly declares that the state can and should regulate the price of gasoline, but not in the administrative procedure. But just a couple of lines, it exposes the government claim that it is not pushed oil tycoons to build refineries that the government has shown incapacity.However, this can not be accepted unconditionally. If we recall that the notes and Vishnevsky, the government abolished the sales tax, reduced VAT, only that, as we have seen, it did not catch on to lower prices, and prompted the construction of the refinery."What?" - Asks Boris Vishnevsky. "Count on the" social responsibility of oil companies, "as one put it, German Gref? Or to create a more robust mechanisms? "And answers himself: "... if the Russian market may restrict the prices for gasoline - and we are talking about a product, without which is absolutely impossible to do - it has to be done in addition to the market. In other words, the price of gasoline should be regulated by the state. In the same way as regulated prices for housing and communal services, public transportation and a telephone. "And then he puts forward arguments against modern liberal bureaucrats. "In advance I hear indignant shouts with promises of imminent failure in the case of their implementation. Petroleum products will more export and the domestic market will become empty immediately. Restrict exports - the company will reduce oil production in order to sell gasoline at low prices set by the state. As a result, there povalny gasoline shortage, which at these prices will not be simple. And it will be speculators, but at high prices. As was the case with various "controlled" goods in the Soviet times.Is considers any United States illiberal (in the economic sense)? Meanwhile, some time ago, the Republican majority in the Senate required the investigation of the causes increasing cost of energy, and then Congress passed a law introducing criminal liability for "unreasonable overpricing of gasoline."That they can recognize the unreasonable increase in prices, but we all will justify and prove.If Boris Vishnevsky has thought of those he criticizes, and against whom he puts forward arguments that would inevitably come to the conclusion that the main cause of the current situation with the increase in gasoline prices is the state itself. Government Approaches to the problems of the economy. We must admit that our government regulates the production and marketing of petroleum products, but regulate in the interests of a narrow circle involved in this area, and not in the interests of the majority of consumers. And therefore calls for the immediate intervention of the government in the process of pricing, without changes of government, will do little. The situation with electricity and gas, where rates are rising constantly and no slower than gasoline, shows that the state does not intend to contain prices and to give up potential profits.The same is said and Ivan Rodionov, who, in fact, no discussions are with Vishnevsky, and confirms its arguments."With regard to the need for state regulation of the market, it is inevitable, and the point here is that the capitalist reforms in our country was and is one-sided and incomplete. There are areas fully adjustable, there polureguliruemye, there is very uncontrolled. In these conditions, businesses have the freedom to maneuver, arbitration, which the state, in general, should not allow. A post-industrial economy can not live with us on the basis of the law of supply and demand in their explicit form. "If you do not notice the expressions such as "capitalist reforms" (a funny expression, and it is difficult to come up), we see that Ivan Rodionov, presses the fact that the State is utterly worthless. The current state is at the service of a narrow circle of persons, and thus leading the country into chaos, creating more and more problems.Unfortunately, neither Wisniewski nor Rodionov, did not understand this, and therefore believe that the main causes in the "elementary Government skill in managing the economy", and therefore give a lot of useless advice, since the government is not interested, and those who is interested - can not implement them."Anyone who grew potatoes in his country, has every right to sell it at any price. Whoever stitched suit or come up with a computer program - too. But nobody oil "grown" and not "sewn". - Shares his understanding of the situation Boris Vishnevsky. - The fact that the created nature and is in accordance with the Constitution, "the basis of life of the peoples living on the territory" (as well as food processing), may not and should not be offered to citizens at prices that wants to establish a small group of individuals, received by the or other reasons, the right to operate the respective fields. "It is important, just that, for whatever reasons, and under what conditions obtained the rights to deposits of operation and working for them. Depend on it, and the price of gasoline, and the wages of employees, and state revenues."Now the Ministry of Economy trying to convince us that the increase in the cost of gasoline should correspond to the rate of inflation in the oil-producing country. It's just a mockery. The state has huge financial resources that it is possible to work on the same gasoline market. - Advises Ivan Rodionov. - By purchasing gasoline in the winter and summer selling its 5% (instead of 20-30%, as it is now) is more expensive, the state would receive a return on the Stabilization Fund than from investments in foreign securities at lower risk. "In this state there are a lot of things, but apparently not for our honor. It's time to get rid of illusions "capitalist reforms" carried out according to the presentation of Professor, in the interests of all Russians capitalized, then there will be the need to give useless advice.

 
Ivan Tevrizsky20.09. 2006.

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