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среда, 26 июля 2017 г.

Black Holes of the Russian Economy

The conclusion of the Chamber of Accounts for Skolkovo.
Appeals to the Prosecutor General's Office are sent if the auditors see violations of the law in the course of inspections, explained the interlocutor in the House. The prosecutor's office sent a presentation to the president of the Skolkovo Foundation on the facts of unjustified expenditure of grants by individual project participants, the press service of the Accounting Chamber said in response to RBC's request, but did not raise any other claims.

The audit of the Chamber of Accounts covered the period from 2013 to 2015. During this time, the federal budget spent 58.6 billion rubles on the project, and budget subsidies accounted for the lion's share of the Skolkovo fund's income - almost 78%, although by law the fund should live largely on its own funds, the auditors say. Another 5.7 billion rubles. (Almost 7% of income), Skolkovo received from the placement of budget money in bank accounts. Own operating activities brought the fund only 4.5% of revenue.

Gosdeneg more than necessary

Skolkovo always received more from the budget than it was required: for example, in 2013 the fund spent 2 billion rubles. Less than the balance that was in his accounts in early 2013 (23 billion rubles.), Can be seen from the report of the Accounting Chamber. Nevertheless, in the same year, the fund received another 13.5 billion rubles from the budget. In 2014, the budget financing of Skolkovo amounted to 41.2 billion rubles. With expenditures of 22 billion rubles, and in 2015 - 38.6 billion rubles. At an expense of 22 billion rubles. The Accounts Chamber is responsible for unjustified allocation of Skolkovo subsidies to the Ministry of Finance, which 'improperly performed the control function' in respect of the fund.

Not only the budget funds and off-budget revenues of the Skolkovo Foundation are invested in the Skolkovo project, but private investments, argues Alexander Chernov, Senior Vice President for External Communications and Advertising at the Skolkovo Foundation. So, at the end of 2015, investors pledged to invest 86 billion rubles. In the infrastructure of the project, and the total amount of financing for investors should be at least 170.8 billion rubles, he said to RBC.

The Ministry of Finance, according to auditors, also violated the budget law for 2016, allowing Skolkovo not to return 658 million rubles to the treasury transferred to foreign currency. The fact that Skolkovo does not need to return the budget money in currency bank accounts, in particular, was mentioned in the letter of Sergei Romanov, the director of the budget methodology department of the Ministry of Finance, which is cited by the Accounting Chamber. The same position is also the case with Deputy Finance Minister Andrei Ivanov, the auditors write.

The Ministry of Finance did not respond to RBC's request.

The fund received interest on balances on its current settlement account in accordance with the law, confirmed by Skolkovo RBC. Taxes have been paid from all these incomes, the fund did not commit any operations with budgetary money for the sake of earning a profit, the fund says. Revenues are directed to the development of the project and helped the fund to minimize the impact of inflation when building its infrastructure, explains Skolkovo. Part of the budget subsidy was transferred to foreign currency for current settlements with foreign counterparties; Skolkovo was ready to return this money to the budget in 2016 along with the ruble remnants of the subsidy, but this was not possible - the Federal Treasury serves only ruble accounts, the RBC Foundation explained.

Demonstrative Sberbank

According to the reports, Skolkovo significantly exceeds many efficiency indicators, but it is impossible to objectively assess the fund's achievements, since the Ministry of Finance approved the methodology for setting target targets for the project only in December 2015, the Accounting Chamber said. In addition, one of the efficiency indicators - the revenue of the participating companies - was formed by 40% at the expense of one such participant - a subsidiary of Sberbank, ZAO Sberbank Technologies, an example of auditors. The proceeds of this company amounted to 32.2 billion rubles, but all of its technological solutions are intended only for Sberbank, the report noted. Another 37.2% of proceeds fell on 36 project participants (1432 companies participate in Skolkovo), but six of them have no research activities among the activities, although it is envisaged to participate in the Skolkovo project.

In general, there is a risk of a lack of connection between the proceeds and the research activities of a number of Skolkovo participants, the auditors believe. As an example, they lead the company 'Mirrico Service', which was claimed as a developer of technology that simplifies the transportation of oil, although these products have been produced and sold since 2010.

11 of the 36 companies that showed the largest revenue (more than 100 million rubles.) Belong to organizations registered in offshore companies in Cyprus and the British Virgin Islands, auditors found. The auditors found it difficult to assess the real scale of the withdrawal of funds through these companies.

Participants in the Skolkovo project receive preferential treatment for payment of customs duties and preferences for taxation, the Accounting Chamber said. How much on this budget loses, has never been reliably estimated. The Federal Tax Service estimated only a shortage of

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