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четверг, 27 июля 2017 г.

Pensions will be cut, fares will increase

Tariffs for housing and communal services in 2017 will grow on average by 4%
23 Nov. FINMARKET.RU - next year the total payment to the Russians for light, water, gas and heat will increase on average by 4%. This is a fundamental limitation cannot save our country for the second consecutive year, said the Ministry of construction. The increase in the cost of utilities will keep pace with the estimated inflation for 2017. This amount of increase in the payment of all the Russians from July 1 (rates in Russia rise once a year) are not the same, writes "Rossiyskaya Gazeta". A government order published on an official portal of legal information, set the maximum value of the index for each region. The lowest rate of growth in installed in North Ossetia - 2.5%, in the Altai region (3.2 per cent), Dagestan (3.3%) and Kabardino-Balkar Republic (3.3 per cent). The highest threshold in Moscow - 7%, followed by Saint Petersburg, Yakutia and Kamchatka Krai (6 percent).

 In most regions the maximum increase of tariffs should not exceed 3,4%. This Belgorod, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Murmansk, Sakhalin, Tver and other regions. Below this threshold the regions to set rates, more - only in very rare cases. In any case, the last word regional bodies of tariff regulation. But, frankly, rare city or region have the right to increase the cost of communal not as much as in the possession of the government.
 In most cases, tariffs are raised to the maximum, said the head of the Federal project "School literate consumers" Alexander Kozlov. And this is understandable - money Russians are coming not only for resources but also the replacement or modernization of infrastructure. But the quality of the tubes do in most regions is poor.
 By the way, the deterioration of infrastructure is the main factor of such a large difference of the indices among the regions, among the secondary factors experts call the climatic and territorial characteristics, the degree of loading, type of fuel used, length of networks, and so on. "Only the external gas distribution network, which supplied gas to apartment houses, worn in Russia by 60 percent - said the lead counsel, direction "municipal economy" Institute of a city economy Dmitry Gordeyev. And if they are not repaired, can happen tragedy.
For other resources, the situation is similar". Therefore, it is not to raise tariffs too, the expert believes, it is a safety issue for the Russians. The average threshold that the government has set for 2017, - optimal, I agree Kozlov. On the one hand, it is economically justified from the point of view of modernization of the infrastructure, with another - gives the regions unreasonably raising prices. And that happened a lot until 2014, after which introduced a rigid system of regulation of tariffs of housing and communal services and "games" with the accounts stopped.
 Meanwhile, as told in the Ministry of construction, the legislation now provides the possibility of exceeding the harmonization of municipal deputies of the index and approved deviations, but subject to the availability of sufficient explanation.
Experts of "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" at the same time believe that in the next few years rates will rise rapidly - just not higher inflation. However, this prediction is the government: earlier, Deputy economic development Minister Nikolai Podguzov said that the "cumulative payment of citizens for utilities should not exceed 4 percent," and in the next three years.
 It is worth noting that we are talking only about utility bills. Prices for housing services - for example, maintenance and repair of the residential premises are not subject to state regulation, and set managers, in coordination with the homeowners.

Published By Finmarket

The pension Fund will save on pensioners
Supplements to small pensions will be cut even more
Next year the Pension Fund of Russia (PFR) intends to reduce the size of social allowances to pensions, on the basis that the cost of living 2017, reduced by 3.4% to 8.5 thousand rubles. This will give the Agency a savings of 10 billion rubles. The number of pensioners are below the poverty line, this year increased 1.5 times.
This conclusion follows from the conclusion of the accounting chamber on the draft budget of the FIU. We are talking about social allowances, which are put to pensioners, whose incomes below a living wage. But at least this, as you can see, next year will go down.
In the social block of the government has estimated that the decline in the subsistence level from the current 8.8 thousand to 8.5 thousand rubles. will lead to the fact that in 2017 the monthly surcharge to pension will be reduced by 200 rubles. It is anticipated that in 2017 an income below the poverty level will have 4 million pensioners.
It's not technically a violation because the law provides no clear formula for calculating the subsistence minimum for a pensioner, admits in the commentary L!fe.ru lawyer Bureau "Business fairway" Sergey Litvinenko.
The Ministry of labor a stunt like this publication explained in the following way: "In 2015, when forming the Federal budget for the next year in the predictive value of the subsistence level for 2016 was laid for more growth in consumer prices than this year when calculating the forecast value of the subsistence minimum of a pensioner in 2017".
 It is obvious that the decline in the subsistence level will reduce the expenses of the FIU payments. Initially they in the budget of the FIU for this year was laid about 43 billion rubles. But by the end of the year they will grow to 104 billion rubles, which is associated with an increase in the number of recipients of additional payments from 2.7 million to 4 million. It shows the growth of the number of pensioners are below the poverty line.
This state of Affairs was facilitated by the fact that pensions this year is not indexed in full. Since February, pensions were increased only by 4%, while growth in consumer prices was 12.9%. But the rejection of the full indexing allowed to reduce the deficit of the PRF, which now covers it from the Federal budget. The transfers account for up to 40% of all expenses of the Fund, and it is 3.2 trillion from RUB 7.7 trillion this year.
But the savings index increased spending in another article - social supplements to pensions. In order to keep their size at the current level for 1 million retirees, required 2.4 billion rubles., and for all 4 million recipients required 9.6 billion rubles.
The General Director of the Russian centre of living standards Vyacheslav Bobkov claims that in the current difficult economic situation, the decline in the subsistence level aimed at optimizing the expenses of the FIU, that is, in this case we are talking about saving on social payments to pensions.
State Duma Deputy Alexei Zhuravlev said: when the FIU was established, the volume of received insurance premiums exceeded the costs of pensions. Now, however, the presence of the RPF in its current form causes more issues. In particular, he drew attention to the fact that in 2016 the income of the Fund reached 7.5 trillion rubles, and expenditures on pensions accounted for only 6.5 trillion rubles. "Where's the other trillion rubles?" - asked the Deputy, noting that most great buildings - from the Pension Fund of Russia.

Igor PONOMAREV


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