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вторник, 25 июля 2017 г.

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Tariffs for housing and public utilities in 2017 will grow by an average of 4%

23 November. FINMARKET.RU - Next year, the aggregate payment of Russians for light, water, gas and heat will grow by an average of 4%. This significant limitation has been preserved in our country for the second year in a row, the Ministry of Construction said. The increase in the cost of utilities will be on par with the estimated inflation for 2017.
At the same time, the amounts in payments will grow among all Russians from July 1 (tariffs in Russia are raised once a year) unequally, writes Rossiyskaya Gazeta. The government regulation, published on the official portal of legal information, sets the maximum indexation values ​​for each region. The lowest threshold of growth was set in North Ossetia - 2.5%, in the Altai Territory (3.2%), Dagestan (3.3%) and Kabardino-Balkaria (3.3%). The highest threshold in Moscow is 7%, followed by St. Petersburg, Yakutia and the Kamchatka Territory (6% each). In most regions, the maximum increase in tariffs should not exceed 3.4%. These are the Belgorod, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Murmansk, Sakhalin, Tver and other regions. Fewer than this threshold regions can set tariffs, more - only in very rare cases.

In any case, the last word behind the regional tariff regulation bodies. But, frankly speaking, a rare city or region enjoys the right to increase the cost of a communal apartment not as much as at the disposal of the government. In most cases, tariffs rise to the maximum, said the head of the federal project 'School of literate consumer' Alexander Kozlov. And it can be understood - the money of Russians after all goes not only to resources, but also to the replacement or modernization of infrastructure. But the quality of pipes is really in most regions, leaves much to be desired.

By the way, it is the deterioration of the infrastructure that is the main factor of such a big difference in the indices among the regions, among the secondary factors experts call the climatic and territorial features, the degree of loading, the type of fuel used, the length of the networks and so on. 'Only external gas distribution networks, through which gas is supplied to apartment buildings, are worn out in Russia by 60 percent,' said Dmitry Gordeyev, the leading legal adviser for the City Economy Department at the Institute for Urban Economics. 'And if they can not be repaired in time, tragedy can happen.
According to other sources, the situation is similar. 'Therefore, it is impossible to raise tariffs at all, the expert is sure, this is a security issue for Russians themselves.' The average threshold that the government set for 2017 is optimal, Kozlov agrees.On the one hand, it is economically justified From the point of view of modernizing the infrastructure, on the other - it does not allow the regions to unreasonably pick up prices, which was often until 2014, after which they introduced a strict system of tariff regulation for housing and communal services and 'games' with accounts stopped.
Meanwhile, as told in the Ministry of Construction, the legislation today provides for the possibility of exceeding, with the agreement of the municipal deputies of the index and the deviation allowed by the government, but subject to strong grounds.
Experts of the 'Rossiyskaya Gazeta' are convinced at the same time that in the next few years the tariffs will also not grow rapidly - just not higher than inflation. However, such a forecast is also in the government: previously Deputy Minister of Economic Development Nikolai Podguzov stated that 'the aggregate payment of citizens for utilities should not exceed 4 percent' and in the next three years.
It is worth noting that it is only about utilities payments. Prices for housing services - for example, maintenance and repair of a dwelling - are not subject to state regulation, but are established by management companies in agreement with the owners of housing.

Finmarket is published

Pension fund will save on pensioners

Additional payments to small pensions will be cut even more

Next year, the Pension Fund of Russia (RPF) plans to reduce the amount of social subsidies to pensions, proceeding from the fact that the subsistence level for 2017 is reduced by 3.4% - up to 8.5 thousand rubles. This will give the department savings of 10 billion rubles. At the same time, the number of pensioners who are below the poverty line has grown 1.5 times this year.
This conclusion follows from the conclusion of the Accounting Chamber on the draft budget of the FIU. We are talking about social surcharges, which are put to those pensioners whose incomes are below the subsistence minimum. But this minimum, apparently, will go down next year.
In the social block, governments calculated that the reduction in the subsistence level from the current 8.8 thousand rubles. Up to 8,5 thousand rubles. Will lead to the fact that in 2017 the monthly supplement to the pension will decrease by 200 rubles. It is expected that in 2017, incomes below the poverty level will be for 4 million pensioners.
Formally, this is not a violation, since the law lacks a clear formula for calculating the subsistence minimum for a pensioner, Litvinenko, a lawyer at the Bureau of the Business Fair, admits in a comment to L! Fe.ru.
The Ministry of Labor explained this stunt to the edition as follows: 'In 2015, with

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