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воскресенье, 23 июля 2017 г.

The state does not contain pensioners, but robs them

The representative of the Central Bank admitted the inability of the state to fulfill its obligations to pensioners
First Deputy Chairman of the Central Bank of Russia Sergey Shvetsov admits the collapse of the pension system of the Russian Federation, the Vesti Economics reported on Thursday morning. Will the state have the opportunity to convert what is now 'written for citizens' to retirement, or not - it is not known, he said at the IV forum 'Economics: the Next 20 Years', dedicated to the problems of Russia's integrated development.
The reasons, according to First Deputy Elvira Nabiullina, are 'different', primarily - the increase in life expectancy, forcing the state to spend more on pensioners.



'This is primarily the extension of the retirement age, or rather, the period of life when you retired, and until the moment you change your residence to those two square meters.This bankrupt factual obligations to the citizens,' - said Sergey Shvetsov .
After some time after such a statement, a message about what Sergey Shvetsov said was disappeared from the website of 'Vesti Ekonomika'. However, it is available in the cache of search engines.
Not only Russia, but also other states in recent years began to refuse to fulfill social obligations 'because it is impossible to pull these social obligations,' the deputy chairman of the Central Bank said. This, he said, a new trend, the reasons may be different.
Recall that in late September, the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance introduced the concept of individual pension capital (PKI), which assumes that the citizen will voluntarily deduct from 1 to 6% of his salary to his account in the APF. To stimulate the development of this system, the Ministry of Finance provided for a personal income tax exemption.
The concept - the third for the last 15 years - provides that the PKI will be formed in non-state pension funds at the expense of voluntary contributions of citizens, the size of which will not be limited. It is assumed that the contributions paid by the employee will be supplemented by the state through a tax deduction and a deduction from the social contribution and these funds will be transferred to the IPC account automatically.
For working citizens who have not expressed their opinion on participation in the system during the transition period, individual pension capital will be formed automatically, but at any time it will be possible to suspend the payment of contributions. Earlier, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said that the ministry plans to launch a new funded pension system in 2018.
Authors of the idea later said that more than 70% of Russians consider the proposed system attractive and express a desire to participate in such a program in the near future, and half of the citizens stated their readiness to regularly deduct from 1 thousand to 6 thousand rubles or more for the formation of pension savings.
Some sociologists and experts, also referring to the results of the polls, on the contrary, talk about the reluctance of citizens to participate in the formation of a future pension. They point out that this is a principled position, because people believe in the care of the state and do not believe in the succession of reforms because of too frequent holding them.
At the same time, in the current pension system of the Russian Federation, its funded part has been frozen since 2014: 6% of the 20% of mandatory pension contributions, which previously could be used to form pension accumulations, have since been transferred to the distribution part of the pension system and are being spent on payments to current Pensioners. Recently, this moratorium was extended immediately for three years.
This allows the authorities to save more than 300 billion rubles a year on a budget transfer to cover the rapidly growing deficit of the Russian Federation Pension Fund, but pension accumulations of citizens within the mandatory system have not been formed from now on. Every year, the authorities assured that the accumulative part of the pension was withdrawn temporarily, but the money was always going to plug holes in the budget.

A source


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