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воскресенье, 23 июля 2017 г.

Under the oppression of the oligarchy

Despite an unprecedented harvest, food prices are only growing
As experts explain, the reason for this is the rains and speculators
An unprecedented harvest is expected this year. The harvesting campaign is still in full swing, and at the beginning of September, 101 million tons of grain have already been harvested, almost
1 million tons of corn, 474.4 thousand tons of buckwheat. It would seem that everyone should be full and happy. In practice, however, most farmers are close to bankruptcy. Because of the record collection, private buyers 'dropped' prices by 40%. As a result, farmers can not cover their costs for seeds, fertilizers and diesel fuel. In addition, against the agrarians capricious weather. Thus, prolonged rains primarily affected the yield and quality of potatoes. Therefore, the agrarians have to sell the goods, as they say, directly 'from the field,' but less is left for storage. As a result, at the end of the year, as experts warn, the remaining 'second bread' will skyrocket in price.



According to the data of the operative monitoring of Rosstat, in most of Russia there are '36.4 thousand agricultural organizations, 174.8 thousand peasant (farmer) households and individual entrepreneurs, 18.2 million personal subsidiary and other individual households, 76, 3 thousand non-profit associations of citizens. ' But this is only the first results of the agricultural census-2016. The final data department will present after November - when it will reach the most remote and hard-to-reach places of our vast homeland.
However, the Federal State Statistics Service may be missing many by this time.
Despite the fact that the harvest this year should be a record for post-Soviet Russia, agrarians, on the contrary, are bankrupt. The fact is that now prices are dictated by private buyers, who use an unprecedented harvest in their favor and bring down prices by 40%. Farmers have nothing left to do but to go about with them. Undoubtedly, the state buys out a part of the harvest, reducing the supply in the market. So, for example, for the agricultural year it is planned to buy about 2 million tons of grain from the market. However, as farmers complain, this is not enough. As a result, farmers can not cover their expenses. 'The lack of adequate measures to support agriculture (about 25% of financial assistance in the form of subsidies does not reach farmers in the end), expensive raw materials, machinery and fuel make the work of farmers difficult and risky,' explains the Deputy Chairman of the Guild of Trade Enterprises And services at the Moscow Chamber of Commerce and Industry Anna Vovk.
In addition, they contributed to the unfavorable weather conditions. So, for example, because of the rains, first of all soy, maize and potatoes suffered. As a result, agrarians had to hastily sell their products, thereby creating an excessive supply in the market. 'Manufacturers because of the lack of storage facilities are forced to immediately throw all the products onto the market, creating an excessive supply. We do not have a sufficient number of product stores. The current agro-logistics infrastructure is designed to store 2 million tons of products. At the same time, the demand is at least 2.5 million tons. With the possibilities of long-term storage, the situation is no better. As a result, the marketability of agricultural products in our country is at the level of 25% - this is a catastrophically low rate, 'continues Anna Vovk.
Therefore, as experts of the Central Bank warn, an inflationary surge in the food market is not ruled out. In particular, for potatoes. According to Rosstat, at the end of July this year, the average retail price for this product was 29.59 rubles. For 1 kg. 'This (low quality potato) will force producers to sell most of the products' off the field 'and lead to an increase in supply and a drop in prices in the market during the harvesting period,' writes the Central Bank, 'as a result, the volumes stored for storage will decrease.' At the end of the year, the remaining products will be sold at high prices and may cause an inflationary surge in the food market, noted in the mega-regulator.
However, how much potatoes grow in price, they do not talk to the Central Bank.
Irina Badmaeva

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